[5]:77 [6], On 4 July 1944 the Minotaure an ocean going tug sailing from Alderney to St Malo with about 500 OT workers was hit three times by torpedoes but somehow managed to stay afloat, some 250 died with the ship being towed into St Malo. Used by Liberation troops, Force 135. The Cambridge Battery: Fort Tourgis fortifications - See 12 traveler reviews, 13 candid photos, and great deals for Alderney, UK, at Tripadvisor. Take a look at our brochure and start planning your trip. Alderney at 8 km2 is now one of the most fortified places in the world. Festung Guernsey, (2012), German Tunnels in Guernsey, Alderney and Sark Channel Island Art & Books, ISBN 978-0-9549334-4-9; Forty, George, (2002), Atlantic Wall Channel Islands, Battleground Europe, ISBN 978-0850528589; Gavey, Ernie, (1997), A guide to German Fortifications on Guernsey, Guernsey Armouries, ISBN 978-0953163106 Helgoland camp was used for Russian Organisation Todt workers. [citation needed], More than 700 camp inmates lost their lives before the camps were closed and the remaining inmates transferred to France in 1944. The land has been cleared and a number of bunkers are open for access. Pbk. description Object description. Aufl., 1. World War Two German Bunker, Alderney In Alderney, virtually all residents were evacuated and this became the most heavily fortified of the Islands. Most prisoners in the camps were from Ukraine, Poland, Russia and other Soviet territories, but there was also a significant contingent of French Jews. A command and an observation bunker completes the major fortifications. The Odeon: Forbidding concrete fortification - See 42 traveler reviews, 23 candid photos, and great deals for St Anne, UK, at Tripadvisor. The camps commenced operating in January 1942. Object description "An updated version of an article which appeared in the 1977 edition of the 'Channel Islands Occupation Review', published by the Channel Islands Occupation Society (Jersey Branch)" Show more. The Cambridge Battery: A fascinating relic of the Victorian fortification of Alderney - See 12 traveler reviews, 13 candid photos, and great deals for Alderney, UK, at Tripadvisor. Here there’s a mixture of Victorian and WW2 fortifications with informative sign boards. See more ideas about flak tower, bunker, fortification. [7]:212–4, After World War II, a court-martial case was prepared against former SS Hauptsturmführer Max List, citing atrocities on Alderney. This is the site of some of the best-preserved German defenses in the Channel Islands and offers a remarkable insight into the fortification of the island. A German naval officer, shocked to see a black man beating up white men from the camp, threatened to shoot the colonial officer if he saw him doing it again. Reading KStN Charts. But in 1942 Hitler ordered the conversion of Alderney into an impregnable fortress. Victorian Fortification. The land has been cleared and a number of bunkers are open for access. Alderney is 3 miles long and 1.5 miles wide with an area of 3 square miles, making it the third largest island of the Channel Islands after Jersey and Guernsey. Read our cookie policy. [12], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}49°43′N 2°12′W / 49.717°N 2.200°W / 49.717; -2.200. Thousands of slave workers, housed in four camps: Lagers Helgoland, Norderney, Borkum and Sylt from countries like Russia, Spain, France, Poland, and Algeria built hundreds of bunkers, anti-tank walls, as well as many tunnel complexes. [3], There are 397 known graves in Alderney. Photographs are also on file taken in China in the mid 1920's and of France in the late 1920's and 1930's. Object details Category Books Related period Second World War … Alderney at War offers the fullest account ever published of events on the island during the war, as well as an examination of the circumstances leading up to the evacuation and the subsequent fate of the refugees. A guide to Alderney's German fortifications. The soldiers built and reinforced fortifications, loading them with an array of light and heavy guns, some of which have since been restored and are accessible for public viewing. The Channel Islands were the only British soil that the Germans conquered and Adolf Hitler feared that they would be retaken and so launched a massive programme of fortifications. In January 1943 there was a big storm and two ships, the Xaver Dorsch and the Franks, anchored in Alderney harbour were blown ashore onto the beach, they contained about 1,000 Russian OT workers. If you missed it all the films are available to buy from the Alderney Wildlife Trust shop. Download this stock image: German bunkers near Fort Albert on Alderney,channel islands. For the first two years of the war Alderney was mainly used as the ‘Larder to the Channel islands’ growing food to help supply the German troops and Channel islanders. See more ideas about fortification, world war two, pillboxes. Alderney has been marking 75 years since the first residents returned after the island was evacuated in 1940 ahead of the German Occupation. WW2 People's War Homepage Archive List Timeline About This Site: Contact Us : Life in Alderney on a working party during the German Occupation … Thought r/uk might be interested in seeing some of the fortifications I've been exploring - I had no idea just how fortified this place was prior to coming, literally every beach or hilltop has some fort or bunker and defenses range from Roman times to WW2. A guide to Alderney's German fortifications. They grew and stored food for the rest of the Channel Islands. Fortifications-w This semi professional photographer based in Clifton St Peter Port, took photos in Guernsey and Alderney mainly after ww2, though some were taken in the 1930's. Revised from Air Photographs 1943. The four camps on the island had a total inmate population that fluctuated but is estimated at about 6,000. The Lager Sylt commandant, Karl Tietz had a black French colonial as an under officer. The Nazis built four labour camps on Alderney. Alderney was the only Channel Island to be evacuated during WWII as the island became part of Hitler's Atlantic Wall. (Smithsonian) Share this: Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window) For almost five years, the island was in a chokehold. Given its location, a Brirish assult was virtually impossibe with invading Guernsey and Alderney first. The award winning museum provides history of the island from the pre-historic period to the present day and hosts lectures by many knowledgeable speakers. Tell me a little bit about the documentary, what can the viewer expect? Alderney got fortified with a large amount of both St and Vf bunkers. After turning the corner by the Lighthouse and heading back it’s worth stopping at Bibette Head. Alderney is just amazing for a fortification enthusiast like me, and it absolutely fitted the bill when I decided that I was going to do a series just on fortified islands, hence the title ‘Battleship Islands’. Illustrative; German WWII bunker 'The Odeon' in Alderney. The island was heavily fortified by the British in response to the French extending the fortifications and harbour at Cherbourg, which seriously threatened Britain’s naval dominance in the English Channel and the country’s south coast harbours. The other two have been left to fall into ruin and become overgrown by brambles. The camps commenced operating in January 1942. However, the people of Alderney could not immediately return to their island due to the huge clean-up operation needed which included the removal of over 30,000 landmines. During its occupation Alderney became an island fortress and slave labour camp. See more ideas about fortification, bunker, military bunkers. File:Les Isles d'Auregny et de Burhou 1757 (Alderney).jpg. The island at the top left-hand corner of the page is identified by Turner’s note as Alderney, which lies within sight of Guernsey’s east coast. [4]:147, In March 1943, Lager Norderney, containing Russian and Polish POWs, and Lager Sylt, holding Jews, were placed under the control of the SS, with SS Hauptsturmführer Max List commanding. Locations and Open Times . The German Occupation of Jersey began one week after the British government had demilitarized the island fearing for … To build Alderney’s fortifications, the Nazi engineering group Organisation Todt established several forced- and slave-labour camps on the island. Alderney. Download this stock image: German bunkers near Fort Albert on Alderney,channel islands. Two of the escort vessels, V-208 (Walther Darré) and V-210 (Hinrich Hey) were sunk. Compra Battleship Islands Alderney [Edizione: Regno Unito] [Edizione: Regno Unito]. Cambridge Battery and Battery No3 is an excellent example of how the original Victorian fortifications were adapted by German forces in the Second World War, when Alderney became one of the most heavily fortified sections of Hitler’s Atlantic Wall. Alderney, Channel Islands Picture: Some of Alderney's Victorian Fortifications - Check out Tripadvisor members' 1,934 candid photos and videos of Alderney Alderney was the only Channel Island to be evacuated during WWII as the island became part of Hitler's Atlantic Wall. Apart from a Roman Fort, there were very few fortifications in Alderney until the mid 19th century. Following a volunteering effort, this bunker has been cleared and opened to the public. It is still covered in the German fortifications built by concentration camp slave labor made to work under terrible conditions with many fatalities. Visitors are able to experience the inside of the bunker and learn about the structure. Most of the Islanders did so. Tietz was brought before a court-martial in April 1943 and sentenced to 18 months' penal servitude for the crime of selling on the black market after he sold cigarettes, watches, and valuables he had bought from Dutch OT workers. Fortification of Alderney was a brutal business (as we will explain in more detail in the next part of this series on Monday). WWII 9th Air Force D-Day Maps. December 1945 that the islanders began to return to their devastated island, overrun with rats and. All the WW2 Atlantic Wall fortifications we open to the public. Remains of WWII German fortifications, Le Hourdel, Cayeux-sur-Mer, Bay of Somme, Somme, Haut-de-France, France. The island measures 5 x 3 km. GERMAN FORTIFICATIONS OF THE FORT OF THE CITE D'ALETH, MEMORIAL 39-45, SAINT-MALO, ILLE-ET-VILAINE (35), FRANCE. Then began the long process of rebuilding and life on the island very slowly returned to normal. For the remaining islanders – 41,101 in Jersey, 24,429 in Guernsey, 470 in Sark and just 18 in Alderney – the humiliations and deprivations of military occupation would characterise their wartime experience. The Nazi Organisation Todt (OT) operated each subcamp and used forced labour to build fortifications in Alderney including bunkers, gun emplacements, air raid shelters, tunnels and concrete fortifications. The coastal lines were defended by 10.5 cm K331 (f) guns and 4.7 cm Festung Pak 36 (t) in casemates. [9], The four German camps in Alderney have not been preserved or commemorated, aside from a small plaque at the former SS camp Lager Sylt. For the first two years of the war Alderney was mainly used as the ‘Larder to the Channel islands’ growing food to help supply the German troops and Channel islanders. It was not until December 1945 that the islanders began to return to their devastated island, overrun with rats and imposing concrete fortifications with many of their houses completely derelict and most of the wood, including front doors and furniture missing, having been used as firewood by the Germans. The Germans surrendered Alderney on 16 May 1945, seven days after the liberation of Guernsey and Jersey. [1] The Channel Islands were the only part of the British Isles to be occupied. We do not yet have much information on the fortifications built on Sark. Oct 17, 2019 - Explore Eugene Konstantinov's board "Fortification", followed by 983 people on Pinterest. To build Alderney’s fortifications, the Nazi engineering group Organisation Todt established several forced- and slave-labor camps on the island. In fact, many islanders and troops were just days from starvation when the Red Cross … The bunker is about three to four stories high and has an anti-aircraft emplacement at the back. Sadly many died whilst building the fortifications due to malnutrition and over work. Alderney Odeon Anti-Aircraft Tower (c) Rupert Parker. 1978), Frederick Cohen, President of the Jersey Jewish Congregation, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of concentration and internment camps, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alderney_camps&oldid=994953806, Military history of the Channel Islands during World War II, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 11:55. The other Channel Islands pre-600 designs were used now a tourist camping site, the. Point on Alderney, Channel Islands were the only Channel island to suffer this mi ) while the gates another. 35 ), France visitors are able to experience the inside of the most the. 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