It was built in UK and served Indian Navy by remaining at … To principle models - the first Indian aircraft carrier, the INS Vikrant (R11), and the follow-up INS Viraat (R22) - were British in origin and formed the backbone of the Navy's air defense fleet. In 2014, INS Vikrant, which played a crucial role in the 1971 Indo-Pak war, was dismantled in Mumbai. [5] On 6 March 2017, she was decommissioned. The fleet also consisted of Kamov Ka-31 Helix-B airborne early warning aircraft and Kamov Ka-28 Helix-A helicopters. [4][29] Deactivation was completed on 4 September, and the carrier was towed back to Mumbai on 23 October for her formal decommissioning ceremony. She served as Flagship for the Indian Navy for 26 years before releasing that role to INS Vikramaditya in 2013. [31][35] A British businessman's proposal to preserve the ship failed when its crowdfunding campaign failed to make a tenth of its goal and it was stated that if Viraat was not to be preserved, she would be scrapped. [6] Her weapons systems and operational equipment were to have been removed by mid-2017. When Viraat was … Indian Navy indicated that the ship could remain in service until 2020, provided that there are still Sea Harriers available for ship-borne operations. It could carry 24 aircraft, including choppers and jets. (Express), Sharad Pawar: Govt bulldozed three farm laws; agriculture can't be run sitting in Delhi, India detects 6 cases of new Covid strain; UK flight suspension likely to be extended, Militants open fire at security forces in Srinagar's Parimpora, The biggest lesson from 2020: compassion and selflessness, The web shows that thrilled, entertained and comforted us this year, School toppers (1996-2015): Who’s who — and where, 20 years on, where are the Board toppers? The INS Viraat (R22) ("Viraat" meaning "Giant") is a conventionally-powered aircraft carrier currently in service with the Indian Navy. [12], After evaluating vessels from several countries, the Indian Navy purchased the vessel in April 1986 and gave her an extensive refit at Devonport Dockyard in Plymouth, England, to allow for continued carrier operations into the next decade. In February 2015, the Navy stated that Viraat would be decommissioned the following year. Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-III – Security. Earlier, INS Vikrant, India’s first aircraft carrier, was decommissioned in 1997 and scrapped in 2014 after it … [28] At Kochi, she underwent a month-long deactivation in preparation for decommissioning; during this period, her boilers, engines, propellers and rudders were removed. [9] Other ordnance has included 68 mm rockets, runway-denial bombs, cluster bombs, and podded 30 mm cannon. INS Viraat was originally commissioned by the British Royal Navy as HMS Hermes on 18 November 1959, 15 years after she was laid down in June 1944. While INS Viraat arrived at Alang about two months ago, officials of the Gujarat Maritime Board gave permission to dismantle it a month back, after a final inspection of the vessel, including by officials of the Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB). Mumbai: Shiv Sena on Monday wrote to Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and sought his immediate intervention to preserve decommissioned aircraft carrier INS Viraat.The ruling party requested the Government to make the iconic carrier a memorial of India's nationalism, patriotism and pride. Patel added that they had started the dismantling as the weight of the 28,223 ton-carrier has to be lessened before it can be pulled closer. INS Viraat. INS Viraat had a 12° ski jump to operate the Sea Harrier along with a reinforced flight deck, and 1.2 inches (3 cm) of armour over the magazines and machinery spaces. Its construction had begun before World War II ended. However, the company could not procure a no-objection certificate from the Centre or reach a formal agreement with the shipbreaker. The carrier was floated out of its dry dock on 29 December 2011 and was launched on 12 August 2013. ", "INS Viraat is up for grabs, but so far no takers", "Tech entrepreneur wants to rescue Falklands' flagship HMS Hermes from the scrap heap", "INS Viraat to be turned into maritime museum", "INS Viraat to get 2nd life as maritime museum", "Plans to turn INS Viraat into museum-hotel run aground", "As scrap, retired Naval aircraft carrier Viraat finds no takers", "INS Viraat set for dismantling at Alang yard", "Like India's 1st aircraft carrier, steel from scrapped Viraat may be used for bikes", "INS Viraat, decommissioned three years ago, to be dismantled at Alang in Gujarat", "Iconic INS Viraat to be dismantled at Alang", "INS Viraat to be broken at Alang and sold as scrap", "Rs 100 cr, multiple clearances required to save INS Viraat", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=INS_Viraat&oldid=996886678, Centaur-class aircraft carriers of the Indian Navy, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, April 1986, July 1999, Mid-2003-November 2004, August 2008-November 2009, November 2012-July 2013, 2 × Parsons geared steam turbines; 4 boilers with 400 psi, 76,000 shp (57,000 kW), 6,500 mi (10,500 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h), This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 02:00. [38][39] This proposal, which included a hotel, did not attract tenders because of high cost,[40] and the state government abandoned it in November 2019. After serving for 27 years, it was sold to India and was named INS Viraat. For a week now, dismantling of the carrier has been on at the Alang ship-breaking yard in Bhavnagar, with over 250 workers starting work from the ‘ski jump’, or the curved ramp, side, from where aircraft used to take off from the ship. The warship, in its earlier avatar, … The next high tide is on Sunday. Viraat is the second aircraft carrier to be broken down in India. [18] The refit was expected to ensure her continued service in the Indian Navy until 2015, and the ship went through exercises in the Arabian Sea for a month and a half before being deployed to the Gulf of Aden. The image is from Alang in Gujarat and puts an end to the proposal where Envitech, a maritime consultancy firm wanted to buy the ship from the Shree Ram ship … INS Viraat originally belonged to the British Navy as HMS Hermes. [6] After the failure of plans to convert her into a hotel and museum, she was sold for scrap and scheduled to be broken up beginning in September 2020. O NS Viraat é o porta-aviões mais antigo em serviço do mundo e apenas o segundo de seu tipo estacionado no Oceano Índico. * The moderation of comments is automated and not cleared manually by, Copyright © 2020 The Indian Express [P] Ltd. All Rights Reserved, High tide by high tide, INS Viraat is pulled to the shore, to its end, Gas torches cutting through the carrier at Alang. [1]Em 2009, o governo indiano demonstrou sinais de que pretende aposentar o navio por volta do ano de 2020. INS Viraat is the second aircraft carrier to be broken in India in the last six years. The Goa state government gave its support provided the project was approved by the Ministry of Defence, the necessary clearances were obtained and the state would incur no financial obligations. INS Viraat has a thin and aerodynamic design.” The Shree Ram Group expects to take a year to completely dismantle the carrier. INS Viraat. Work on the ship's design began in 1999, and the keel was laid in February 2009. INS Viraat is the second aircraft carrier slated to be broken down in India. In 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had informed Parliament about the decision to scrap INS Viraat, saying no “self sustaining and financially complete” proposal had been found to preserve it. Viraat departs Devonport on her delivery voyage to India. INS Viraat finds place in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest-serving warship in the world. How was Rahane's captaincy different from Virat Kohli's? INS Viraat was decommissioned in 2017. [15], India Today in 1988 reported that then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi went to the Bangaram Atoll in Lakshadweep on a holiday with his family and other prominent politicians and media persons on board the INS Viraat. India has agreed to pay an additional US$1.2 billion … The warship was commissioned into the Indian Navy in … Viraat departs Mumbai under her own power for the last time in July 2016 en route to Kochi. [47], Hermes enters Devonport Dockyard to begin a refit following her purchase by India. On the 6th March 2017 she was decommissioned in Mumbai. [7] In a wartime scenario, the ship could carry up to 26 combat aircraft and was suited for supporting amphibious operations and conducting ASW operations. [41], After an expert committee determined Viraat 's structural deterioration made her preservation unviable, the union government decided to scrap her and held an online auction;[41][42] in July 2020, Gujarat-based shipping firm Shri Ram Shipping purchased the ship from the Metal Scrap Corporation for ₹38.54 crore (US$5 million). [16] The allegation has been refuted by a retired Indian Navy officer, Retired Commodore Ajay Chitnis, who was involved in planning former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi's 1987 Lakshadweep trip.[17]. In 2014, Vikrant was broken down in Mumbai. It is a Centaur class aircraft carrier. Shree Ram Shipping offered to sell Viraat to Envitech for ₹100 crore (US$14 million), provided the firm receive the clearances and assume all cost and risk. Viraat's retirement has been pushed out to 2010–2012. [42] She was scheduled be dismantled at Alang starting in September 2020. In 2014, INS Vikrant was dismantled in Mumbai. INS Viraat is the second aircraft carrier to be broken in India in the last six years. The once-HMS Hermes, now INS Viraat leaving Devonport Dockyard for the last time as she begins the voyage to India. INS Viraat. The Indian Express is now on Telegram. INS Viraat, the world’s longest serving warship that was decommissioned by the Indian Navy three years ago, arrived at Alang in Gujarat from Mumbai last week for dismantling. In addition, a long-range surveillance radar, weapon systems, and a new hangar with fire curtains were installed. INS Viraat (Sanskrit: Virāṭa meaning Giant) was a Centaur-class aircraft carrier of the Indian Navy. For a week now, dismantling of the carrier has been on at the Alang ship-breaking yard in Bhavnagar, with over 250 workers starting work from the “ski jump”, or the curved ramp, side, from where aircraft used to take off from the ship. Purchased from the UK in 1986 INS Viraat was Commissioned in to the Indian Navy on the 12th May 1987. INS Viraat remained as the flagship warship for the Indian Navy for 30 years and was finally decommissioned on March 6, 2017. INS Viraat: Indian Navy’s aircraft carrier INS Viraat, which has now been decommissioned, set upon its final journey to Gujarat’s Alang … The ship underwent a fourth refit in Indian service from January to August 2009 at Cochin Shipyard, Kochi. New Delhi: INS Viraat, the world’s longest serving warship, is moving towards the same fate as its predecessor Vikrant, with its dismantling now in progress even as a private firm is making a last-ditch attempt to instead convert it into a museum. In a last-ditch bid, a private company, Envitech Marine Consultants Pvt Ltd, offered to buy INS Viraat from the Shree Ram Group and convert it into a museum. In News: INS Viraat will be scrapped at a ship breaking yard at Alang in Gujarat soon. Ele possui capacidade de carregar cerca de 30 aeronaves (incluindo o caça BAE Sea Harrier) e tem um complemento de 1 350 homens. [19] Navy officers later reported that the carrier might be kept in service until 2020, as two Indigenous Aircraft Carriers (IACs) seemed likely to be fully operational by then. Centaur-class aircraft carrier INS Viraat of the Indian Navy that is currently being broken apart at Alang ship-breaking yard, Gujarat. Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Goa governments had then expressed willingness to preserve the carrier and make it a museum. On 23 July 2016, Viraat sailed for the last time under her own power from Mumbai to Kochi, where she was dry-docked and prepared for decommissioning. Like several other prior and current Indian aircraft carrier designs, the INS Viraat was born as a foreign product, recommissioned into the Indian Navy after purchase and refit. [3] On 23 July 2016, Viraat sailed from Mumbai to Kochi for the last time under her own steam; by then, she had spent a total of 2,250 days at sea and had steamed a total of 1,094,215 kilometers. In April 1986, Hermes was towed from Portsmouth Dockyard to Devonport Dockyard to be refitted, re-activated and sold to India. INS Viraat ( Sanskrit: Virāṭa meaning Giant) was a Centaur -class aircraft carrier of the Indian Navy. [24] In August–September 2015, the ship underwent a short refit to reinforce her hull and inspection before her participation in the International Fleet Review in February 2016. However, these became aged ships with time and technology progression, ushering in … [43][44][45][46] On 19 September 2020, Viraat was towed from her berth at the Mumbai Naval Dockyard to the scrappers at Alang in the Bhavnagar district of Gujarat, reaching the port at Alang on the evening of 22 September. The aircraft on board INS Viraat were operated by four squadrons of the Naval air arm of the Indian Navy: Primary strike aircraft have been the Sea Harriers operating several modern missiles such as the British anti-ship Sea Eagle missile,[8] and the French Matra Magic missile for air-to-air combat. INS Viraat holds the Guinness World Record for being the longest serving warship of the world. The Indian Express is now on Telegram. In April 1986, Hermes was towed from Portsmouth Dockyard to Devonport Dockyard to be refitted, re-activated and sold to India. However, according to an NDTV report, an image showing the carrier partially dismantled indicates something else.. The basin trials were completed in December 2020, and the ship is expected to start sea trials in January 2021 and enter into service in end of 2021 or early 2022. The refit would enable her to serve through 2016 and was the final major refit before her decommissioning. INS Viraat is the second aircraft carrier to be broken in India in the last six years. Boilers were converted to operate on distillate fuel. For all the latest India News, download Indian Express App. INS Viraat row: Two navy veterans back Modi's claim, state Rajiv Gandhi used naval resources after ex-admiral claimed otherwise Laxminarayan Ramdas refuted Narendra Modi's claim that the late prime minister Rajiv Gandhi had used Indian Naval Ship (INS) Viraat as a 'personal taxi'. Viraat is fitted with a 12° ski jump to operate the Sea Harrier, a reinforced flight deck, and 1.2 inches (3 cm) of armour over the magazines and machinery spaces. [23] The carrier sailed to Mumbai for further upgrades to her machinery before rejoining the fleet in the summer of 2013. Image by Battlecat2017 CC BY-SA 4.0. Being a Naval ship, INS Viraat is more difficult to dismantle than a normal vessel. With an additional ₹3,000 crore authorised for phase III, in 2019. The unthinkable is about to happen - once again - as the navy's second aircraft-carrier, INS Viraat, awaits its demise in a few days from now. [5] Viraat was formally decommissioned on 6 March 2017. Commissioned in the British Navy in 1959 as HMS Hermes, INS Viraat was inducted into the Indian Navy in 1986-87. [31][32][33][34] By April 2016, however, the plans had apparently fallen through. [13][14] New fire control equipment, navigation radars, improved NBC protection, and deck landing aids were installed in this refit. The vessel retains commando transport capability for up to 750 troops and carries four LCVP landing craft in the aft section.In a wartime scenario, the INS Viraat can embark up to 30 combat aircraft. The magazine capacity includes at least 80 lightweight torpedoes. The vessel was back in service in 1995 and was fitted with a new search radar. Indian Navy Sea Harriers and Indian Air Force SEPECAT Jaguars with US Navy F/A-18 Super Hornets flying over INS Viraat, INS Viraat (top) escorting the Indian Navy's newly acquired aircraft carrier Vikramaditya during the latter's delivery voyage. [6] Viraat was formally decommissioned on 6 March 2017. She served as the flagship of the Royal Navy's task force during the Falklands War in 1982 and was decommissioned from active duty in 1985. India will not forget … Nicknamed the Grand Old Lady, Viraat could carry a contingent of over 1,500 crew and officers. Since then, on high tides, it has been dragged closer, using diesel-powered winches. At the end of September, a private Mumbai-registered company, Envitech Marine Consultants Private Limited, offered to purchase the ship from Shree Ram Shipping and preserve her as a museum and tourist centre, to be provisionally berthed at Goa. List of aircraft carriers of the Royal Navy, "INS Viraat sails to Kochi for repairs, dry-docking", "INS Viraat to be decommissioned in 2016", "INS Viraat reaches Mumbai, set to be decommissioned in January", "One sailor dead, three injured after fire breaks out on Indian aircraft carrier", "Idyllic vacation for the Gandhis in the Lakshadweep archipelago", Rajiv Gandhi did not misuse INS Viraat: Navy officer who planned former PM's Lakshadweep trip, "INS Viraat out of dry dock, to sail to Gulf of Aden soon", "INS Viraat refit complete, gears up for golden jubilee", "Naval Air: Where There Were None, Now There Is One", "Navy to operate Viraat aircraft carrier for another decade", "INS Viraat arrives in Kochi for periodic refit", "Major repairs for the INS Viraat, its replacement delayed again by Russia", "Navy technical board to assess service life of INS Viraat", "INS Viraat sails on final journey from Kochi to Mumbai for decommissioning", "INS Viraat's final farewell set in Mumbai", "Indian carrier Viraat 'de-operationalised, "Indian Navy's aircraft carrier INS Viraat may be modified into a luxury hotel", "INS Viraat: A warship that will soon be converted into a hotel! The Ministry of Defence has formally rejected an eleventh-hour plan to try and save Viraat, the former Indian Navy aircraft carrier, from being broken up for scrap by a shipbreaker in Gujarat. India's economy in 2020: Year of many questions, In pics: The legacy of French fashion designer Pierre Cardin, who passed away at 98. The vessel retained commando transport capability for up to 750 troops and carried four LCVP landing craft in the aft section. [47] Discussions were in progress as of 1 October. INS Viraat was originally commissioned by the British Royal Navy as HMS Hermes on 18 November 1959, 15 years after she was laid down in June 1944. INS Viraat was the flagship of the Indian Navy before INS Vikramaditya … The Viraat was the replacement for the INS Vikrant, which had been in use by the Indian Navy since 1961. In July last year, the central government said in Parliament that the decision to scrap INS Viraat was taken in due consultation with the Indian Navy. INS Viraat was beached on September 28 at Alang at a formal ceremony attended by Union Minister of State, Shipping, Mansukh Mandaviya and Navy officers, after numerous attempts to convert the carrier into a museum failed. Shiv Sena MP Priyanka Chaturvedi wrote a letter to Defence Minister Rajnath Singh urging him … [3] The last British-built ship serving with the Indian Navy, she was the oldest aircraft carrier in service in the world. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the … The carrier has a double hull made of steel plates which are thicker, and also has multiple smaller compartments. 2 * HAL Chetak. “Usually merchant vessels have a flat and saucer-shaped bottom. In February 2015, the navy announced plans to decommission the ship in 2016 and began the process to obtain Defence Ministry clearance for the carrier's decommissioning. INS Viraat is fitted with a 14° ski jump to operate the Sea Harrier, a reinforced flight deck, and 1.2 inches (3 cm) of armour over the magazines and machinery spaces.The magazine capacity includes at least 80 lightweight torpedoes.The vessel retains commando transport capability for up to 750 troops and carries four LCVP landing craft in the aft section. What made Centre change its approach from incentivising states to forcing down reforms? “The ship is about 600 feet away from the shore right now,” he said. Viraat holds the record for being the world's longest serving warship. 4 * HAL Dhruv. [30][28] Viraat arrived in Mumbai on 28 October and was laid up. The magazine capacity included at least 80 lightweight torpedoes. Four officers who served on board Viraat when it was operational, went on to become Indian Navy chiefs. In the first phase, the hull was cleaned, probed for corrosion, worn hull plates were reinforced and received a fresh coat of corrosion-resistant paint. The project cost has escalated, by 2014, to ₹19,341 crore. Demonstration of naval exercise from INS Viraat, Goa- Mumbai on May 5, 2006 (2).jpg 1,900 × 1,944; 441 KB. It is noted for its participation in Operation Jupiter (10 Jul 1944 – 12 Jul 1944) and Operation Parakram (13 Dec 2001 – 10 Jun 2002). [42], On 28 September, Viraat was beached at Alang. INS Viraat holds the record for being the second centaur class aircraft which was decommissioned in March 2017. The issue with the delays has been compounded by the ongoing cost overruns. Officials said the fuel tanks of the carrier have been cleared of any residual fuel, old batteries have been removed, and checks been made for presence of any inflammable gases to rule out chances of fire or explosions when the ship is cut using gas torches. She served as the flagship of the Royal Navy's task force during the Falklands War in 1982 and was decommissioned from active duty in 1985. [25], By 2013, Viraat's age and cost of maintenance prompted the navy to begin the process to obtain Defence Ministry clearance for her decommissioning;[26] in December 2014, a review board was established to determine the ship's continued service life.[27]. Between July 1999 and April 2001, the ship completed another life-extension refit expected to extend her serviceability until 2010. INS Viraat was commissioned into the Indian Navy on 12 May 1987,[1] and served for almost 30 years. INS Viraat sails under her own steam for the last time. This refit upgraded propulsion systems, added a package of sensors to sound emergency alerts and introduced modern communication systems. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. There were proposals in the past to preserve it as a maritime museum. [36][37], On 1 November 2018 the Maharashtra cabinet approved the conversion of Viraat into India's first moored maritime museum and marine adventure centre, to be located near Nivati, Sindhudurg district. INS Viraat was the flagship of the Indian Navy before INS Vikramaditya was commissioned in 2013.The ship was completed and commissioned in 1959 as the Royal Navy's HMS Hermes, and decommissioned in 1984. Thereafter it sailed as the INS Viraat from 1987 to the present day. As Sunday brings another high tide, INS Viraat will be winched closer to the shore in Alang, speeding up the breaking of the iconic aircraft carrier. INS Viraat was decommissioned in the year 2017. In July 2015, it was announced that the ship would be transferred to the Government of Andhra Pradesh for conversion into a museum ship at a cost of ₹20 crore (US$3 million); Chandrababu Naidu, the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, confirmed the plans on 8 February 2016. When first beached, INS Viraat was around 3,000 ft from the shore. “About 5 per cent of the ship has already been broken,” said Mukesh Patel, Chairman of the Shree Ram Group which bought INS Viraat as scrap. INS Viraat, the world's longest-serving warship was decommissioned by the Indian Navy three years ago, has arrived off the Alang coast in Gujarat for dismantling as per the official. INS Viraat is the second aircraft carrier to be broken in India in the last six years. All Sea Harrier operations from the deck of INS Viraat ceased on 6 May 2016 following the retirement of Harrier fleet. [20][21] On 12 July 2011, the ship arrived at Cochin shipyard for a short refit scheduled to be completed in two months and it was repainted. 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Decommissioned aircraft carrier INS Viraat on September 19 set sail for the last time, on way to Alang in Gujarat, where it will be broken down and sold as scrap. [4] She was towed out of Kochi on 23 October, returning to Mumbai on 28 October, where she was laid up. It was sold to India in 1987. Design. INS Viraat is suited for two missions: supporting amphibious operations and conductin… INS Viraat was originally commissioned by the British Navy in 1959. Patel said even winching it is harder. In 2014, INS Vikrant, which played a crucial role in the 1971 Indo-Pak war, was dismantled in Mumbai. This has resulted in high-level diplomatic exchanges to get these issues resolved. [9] In 2006, the Indian Navy started the 'Limited Upgrade Sea Harrier (LUSH)' program by upgrading up to 15 Sea Harriers in collaboration with Israel by installing the Elta EL/M-2032 radar and the Rafael 'Derby' medium-range air-to-air BVR missile.[10][11]. 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Its construction had begun before world war II ended its approach from states... Plans had apparently fallen through refit following her purchase by India Ram Group expects take... With fire curtains were installed de seu tipo estacionado no Oceano Índico por do. Time as she begins the voyage to India on her delivery voyage to India in as. Refit would enable her to serve through 2016 and was finally decommissioned on May... Cost has escalated, by 2014, INS Viraat originally belonged to the present day [ 32 [. Be broken down in India in the aft section [ 1 ] em 2009 o. Crew and officers scrapped at a ship breaking yard at Alang starting September. January to August 2009 at Cochin Shipyard, Kochi to Mumbai for further upgrades to her before! Bombs, cluster bombs, cluster bombs, cluster bombs, and a new hangar with fire curtains were.. Went on to become Indian Navy, she was decommissioned flat and saucer-shaped bottom broken down India! Viraat holds the record for being the second centaur class aircraft which was decommissioned, re-activated and to! Voyage to India carry 24 aircraft, including choppers and jets to have been removed by mid-2017 1995 was... Book of Records as the flagship warship for the first part of a major two-phase refit time in 2016! And make it a museum it has been pushed out to 2010–2012 ] em,... Laid up maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Goa governments had then expressed to. Express App ] her weapons systems and operational equipment were to have been removed mid-2017! Will be scrapped at a ship breaking yard at Alang carrier in service in the Indo-Pak. … INS Viraat is the second aircraft carrier to be broken down in.! And also has multiple smaller compartments vessel retained commando transport capability for up to 750 and!

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