In times of persecution, and before the general institution of houses of entertainment, the importance of this precept would be at once felt. The Lord hasten it in its time! 7. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. See 1 Co. 12:26. We Belong Together. a. Gifts are given and received in various ways. A Living Sacrifice. 1. iv. c. Who persecute you: Of course, not all persecution comes from outside the church. This shows how we are commanded to do all these things with an eye towards heaven. (On the word "experience" 1 Thessalonians 5:10 , where the sentiment is the same). Having then gifts: The difference and distribution of gifts is all due to the grace that is given to us. Romans 12:12, ESV: "Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer." Greek: kai me suschematizesthe to aioni touto, alla metamorphousthe te anakainosei tou noos eis to dokimazein … but overcome evil with good--and then the victory is yours; you have subdued your enemy in the noblest sense. If it is possible, we will be at peace with all men. 17. Do not even the tax collectors do the same? This term was apparently coined by Paul to emphasize that the giving of these spiritual gifts was all of grace. iii. This is an important spiritual gift that must be exercised with liberality. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Of the two, however, it is more easy to sympathize with another's sorrows than his joys, because in the one case he needs us; in the other not. This section shows one thing clearly: Paul knew the teaching of Jesus, especially the Sermon on the Mount. Abhor what is evil. serving the Lord--that is, the Lord Jesus (see Ephesians 6:5-8 ). 5 and 8. Our hands … Click on the different category headings to find out more. iii. a. Be--"Being" of the same mind one toward another--The feeling of the common bond which binds all Christians to each other, whatever diversity of station, cultivation, temperament, or gifts may obtain among them, is the thing here enjoined. DUTIES OF BELIEVERS, GENERAL AND PARTICULAR. Patient “denotes not a passive putting up with things, but an active, steadfast endurance.” Tribulation “denotes not some minor pinprick, but deep and serious trouble.”, g. Distributing to the needs of the saints, given to hospitality: Our care and concern will demonstrate itself in practical deeds done for others, either going to them (distributing to the needs of the saints) or inviting them to come to us (given to hospitality). I. Next follow specific duties, chiefly social; beginning with Humility, the chiefest of all the graces--but here with special reference to spiritual gifts. I beseech you therefore--in view of all that has been advanced in the foregoing part of this Epistle. Note, (1) The redeeming mercy of God in Christ is, in the souls of believers, the living spring of all holy obedience ( Romans 12:1 ). 18. One of them regards the things that now are in reference to time, the other in reference to space. This is how we fulfill the command for hope, patience and steadfast character described here. 21. Repay no one evil for evil. with all men--The impossibility of this in some cases is hinted at, to keep up the hearts of those who, having done their best unsuccessfully to live in peace, might be tempted to think the failure was necessarily owing to themselves. Romans 12 10-13 (“Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love…Distributing to the necessity of the saints.”) has been so powerful in my wife’s and my life that we are in the process of developing an online Christian charity … So it’s fitting that we end where we began and stress that before Romans 12 is a call to live a merciful life, it is a call to live a worshipful life. that ye present--See on Romans 16:13 , where we have the same exhortation and the same word there rendered "yield" (as also in Romans 12:16 Romans 12:19 ). 12. A. Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. 1:28), “futile in their thinking,” darkened by “senseless minds” (Rom. People should be able to see what is good and what is not based on our conduct. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Let love be without hypocrisy: Of course, love with hypocrisy isn’t real love at all; but much of what masquerades as “love” in the Christian community is laced with hypocrisy, and must be demonstrated against. For I say, through the grace given to me, to everyone who is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think, but to think soberly, as God has dealt to each one a measure of faith. or he that teacheth--Teachers are expressly distinguished from prophets, and put after them, as exercising a lower function ( Acts 13:1 , 1 Corinthians 12:28 1 Corinthians 12:29 ). But how emphatically expressed is the injunction to let nothing on our part prevent it! Notice that the days of sacrifice are not over. The first part of this passage reminds us that we are unable to put others first without God’s saving grace. Or, some think it refers to the practice of lending coals from a fire to help a neighbor start their own – an appreciated act of kindness. to every man that is among you, not to think, &c.--It is impossible to convey in good English the emphatic play, so to speak, which each word here has upon another: "not to be high-minded above what he ought to be minded, but so to be minded as to be sober-minded" [CALVIN, ALFORD]. Or he that exhorteth--Since all preaching, whether by apostles, prophets, or teachers, was followed up by exhortation ( Acts 11:23 , 14:22 , 15:32 , &c.), many think that no specific class is here in view. Each of these exercises helps the other. of Ἐλπίδι , in hope ) So far respecting faith and love, now also concerning hope, comp. c. God has dealt to each one a measure of faith: This means that we should see even our saving faith as a gift from God, and that we have no basis for pride or a superior opinion of ourselves. Study Romans 12 using Martin Luther’s Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. with diligence--with earnest purpose. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: Parakalo oun humas adelphoi, dia ton oiktirmon tou theou, parastesai ta somata umon thusian zosan agian … It most likely refers to a “burning conviction” that our kindness places on our enemy. Romans 12 is very powerful in its description of a Christian’s walk. iii. Commentary on Romans by John Calvin. You can also change some of your preferences. 1 Corinthians 12:11 says, But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually as He wills. Individually members of one another: We err when we neglect either aspect; unity should never be promoted at the expense of individuality, and individuality should never diminish the church’s essential unity in Christ; He is our common ground, we are one body in Christ. World is literally, age, referring to the present evil age, which is passing away, in contrast to the coming eternal age in which righteousness dwells (2 Pet. In Galatians 1:4-5, Paul says that the Lord Jesus Christ “gave Himself for our sins so that He might rescue us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, to whom be the glory forevermore. in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head--As the heaping of "coals of fire" is in the Old Testament the figurative expression of divine vengeance ( Psalms 140:10 , 11:6 , &c.), the true sense of these words seems to be, "That will be the most effectual vengeance--a vengeance under which he will be fain to bend" (So ALFORD, HODGE, &c.). Abhor what is evil. b. For I say--authoritatively through the grace given unto me--as an apostle of Jesus Christ; thus exemplifying his own precept by modestly falling back on that office which both warranted and required such plainness towards all classes. Be patient when the flail falls heavily. by the renewing of your mind--not by a mere outward disconformity to the ungodly world, many of whose actions in themselves may be virtuous and praiseworthy; but by such an inward spiritual transformation as makes the whole life new--new in its motives and ends, even where the actions differ in nothing from those of the world--new, considered as a whole, and in such a sense as to be wholly unattainable save through the constraining power of the love of Christ. Living Sacrifices to God. This is love in action, not just feelings. The foundation for Christian living. whether--we have the gift of prophecy--that is, of inspired teaching (as in Acts 15:32 ). Commentary on Romans 12:1-8 View Bible Text . The ancient Greek word for hospitality is literally translated “love for strangers.” In addition, “given” is a strong word, sometimes translated “persecute” (as in Romans 12:14). ii. ch. 3. them which persecute you, &c.--This is taken from the Sermon on the Mount ( Matthew 5:44 ), which, from the allusions made to it, seems to have been the storehouse of Christian morality among the churches. Just because a person has substantial spiritual gifts does not mean they are necessarily spiritually mature or a worthy example. Commentary on Romans 12:3-8 (Read Romans 12:3-8) Pride is a sin in us by nature; we need to be cautioned and armed against it. with them that weep--What a beautiful spirit of sympathy with the joys and sorrows of others is here inculcated! Be careful to do what is right in the eyes of everybody. This is the way we are not overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. Cling to what is good. (8) What would the world be, if it were filled with Christians having but one object in life, high above every other--to "serve the Lord"--and throwing into this service "alacrity" in the discharge of all duties, and abiding "warmth of spirit" ( Romans 12:11 )! But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Commentary for Romans 12 . a. THE CONTEXT Romans 12:1-8 establishes the foundation upon which 12:9-21 is built. Those who are taught but not exhorted become “fat sheep” that only take in and never live the Christian life. Spiritual gifts are given at the discretion of the Holy Spirit. Those who are exhorted but not taught become excited and active, but have no depth or understanding to what they do and will burn out quickly or will work in wrong ways. Be kindly affectionate to one another with brotherly love, in honor giving preference to one another; not lagging in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation, continuing steadfastly in prayer; distributing to the needs of the saints, given to hospitality. Romans 12:12, KJV: "Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer;" Their whole attitude to *sin must change. In honor giving preference to one anothershows that the displays of affection are genuine. Do not be wise in your own opinion reminds us of how far we still have to go in actually being like Jesus. Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, … As Paul points out in Romans 1, people are enslaved to a “debased mind” (Rom. Nevertheless, we see that we can destroy our enemy by making him our friend. Salem Media Group. For in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.”. b. Therefore, “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; God's will is "good," as it demands only what is essentially and unchangeably good ( Romans 7:10 ); it is "well pleasing," in contrast with all that is arbitrary, as demanding only what God has eternal complacency in (compare Micah 6:8 , with Jeremiah 9:24 ); and it is "perfect," as it required nothing else than the perfection of God's reasonable creature, who, in proportion as he attains to it, reflects God's own perfection. 21. If it was a dress she ha… If prophecy: Prophecy must be practiced in proportion to our faith. Such then is the great general duty of the redeemed--SELF-CONSECRATION, in our whole spirit and soul and body to Him who hath called us into the fellowship of His Son Jesus Christ. Or ministry, let us wait on--"be occupied with." 14. Having then gifts differing according to the grace given to us--Here, let it be observed, all the gifts of believers alike are viewed as communications of mere grace. If our "hope" of glory is so assured that it is a rejoicing hope, we shall find the spirit of "endurance in tribulation" natural and easy; but since it is "prayer" which strengthens the faith that begets hope and lifts it up into an assured and joyful expectancy, and since our patience in tribulation is fed by this, it will be seen that all depends on our "perseverance in prayer.". If it is possible, as much as depends on you, live peaceably with all men. In the body of Christ there is unity but not uniformity. Be not wise in your own conceits--This is just the application of the caution against high-mindedness to the estimate we form of our own mental character. with simplicity--so the word probably means. g. 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