Carnica (Carniolan) bees / queens characteristics [/fusion_text][fusion_text] Carniolan (Carnica) bees are incredibly gentle and easy to work with. Welcome Beekeepers! The Carniolan bee has a higher tendency to swarm in the first year going forward. The Western honey bee, also known as European honey bee or Apis mellifera, is the most common species of honey-producing bees. Using Russian bees allows you to manage your bees, not your mites. Compared with the Russian honey bee, Saskatraz bees have some even better qualities - tracheal and varroa mite tolerance / resistance, a great overwintering ability and resistance to brood diseases. Russian bees with their dark, gray/black coloration have shown excellent resistance to Varroa and tracheal mites. Due to their region of origin, they are more likely to forage on cold, wet days than other types of bees and rank among the best for overwintering. Carniolan honey bees are about the same size as the Italian honey bee, but they are physically distinguished by their generally dusky brown-grey color that is relieved by stripes of a subdued lighter brown color. These bees are particularly adept at adjusting worker population to nectar availability. Thriving in this unpredictable environment, Carniolans are able to withstand cold winters and can quickly adapt to change. Carniolan bee has gray and silver body color. These bees are known as Carniolans, or "Carnies" for short, in English. The Carniolan queen bee will be in a separate queen cage. [1], Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carniolan_honey_bee&oldid=953344364, Articles needing additional references from July 2016, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Considered to be gentle and non-aggressive, Sense of orientation considered better than the Italian honey bee, Less drifting of bees from one hive to a neighboring hive, When compared to the Italian honey bee, they are not as prone to rob honey, Able to overwinter in smaller numbers of winter bees, Able to quickly adapt to changes in the environment, Fast rhythm of brood production and then brood rearing reduction when available forage decreases, Forage earlier in the morning and later in the evening, and on cool, wet days, Workers live up to 12% longer than other breeds, Low ability to thrive in hot summer weather, Strength of broodnest more dependent on availability of pollen, This page was last edited on 26 April 2020, at 22:55. It is favored among beekeepers for several reasons, not the least being its ability to defend itself successfully against insect pests while at the same time being extremely gentle in its behavior toward beekeepers. More than 25 years of research by the USDA Baton Rouge Bee Lab, as well as others, have proven that Russian bees are resistant to mites. Genetically, a Russian honey bee is Caucasian with some Italian and Carniolan lineage. Our apologies – at this time, we cannot ship live bees to California, Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, or Alaska. The queen production of brood is explosive. These bees were originally from the Carniolan Alps, which are located in parts of Austria and Slovenia. Carniolan. 2021 will mark Warm Colors 21st-anniversary providing package bees and Nuc colonies to Northeastern Beekeepers. MN Hygienic Queen sources . Although they share some Carniolan and Italian characteristics, they definitely have their own “Russian” characteristics. Close Italian honey bees are known as the gentler of the breeds as compared with Russian, Carniolan or Buckfast honey bees. Young hatched queen bees are then placed in breeding nucleus in an isolated mountain breeding station, where they mate with drones from another, separate breeding line. Naturally mated queen suppliers. The Russian honey bees were a little darker in color with less pronounced yellow/orange stripes. They are also known as the "grey bee". Furthermore, the Carniolan bee has a very long tongue (6.5 to 6.7 mm, which is very well adapted for clover), a very high elbow joint and very short hair. of bees, which includes nurse bees, forager bees, guard bees, and drone bees. The Carniolan bee is a subspecies of the Western honey bee, and it is ranked as the second most popular subspecies among beekeepers. Carniolan bees are nearly as big and long as the Western European black bees, though their abdomens are much slimmer. Varroa Sensitive Hygienic VSH Queens . Breeds of Queen Bees. They are not mite proof. The Carniolan honey bee is the subspecies of the Western honey bee that has naturalised and adapted to the Kočevje (Gottschee) sub-region of Carniola (Slovenia), the southern part of the Austrian Alps, Dinarides region, southern Pannonian plain and the northern Balkans. They overwinter very well and build up fast in the spring with the nectar flow due to their innate ability to work with their surrounding environment. We are only accepting PRE-ORDERS for SPRING 2021! In 2020 we will be enhancing our VHS stock with new VP VSH Carniolan breeder queens. Italian / Russian Hybrid (6th Gen) These hybrids were developed to add the high level of resistance of the Primorsky (Russian) bees to the Italian stock that has already under gone hundreds of years of selective breeding for production and gentleness. Also, the Caucasian bee seems to use propolis more than the Carniolan bee. Russian bees are mite resistant. This race occurs in the original native range of the varroa mite, and selective pressure could have favored bees that exhibited aggressive behavior … The young queen bees are bred from breeding material, taken from a chosen and carefully selected breeding line of Carniolan honey bee. This should not be under-estimated. 11-18 queens = $35 each shipped in battery box in plastic JZBZ cages, 19-49 queens = $30 each shipped in battery box in plastic JZBZ cages, 50-100 queens = $26 each shipped in Riteway shipping box in plastic JZBZ cages, Contact us for pricing and availability on orders of 100+ queens. Management of Russian Bees Step 1: . Step 2: . They are resistant to some diseases and parasites that can debilitate hives of other subspecies. Carniolan bees are another common type of honey bee. All queens are naturally mated, new queens caged by our trained crews only days before we ship to you. Varroa Sensitive Hygiene (VSH) An organic solution to mites and diseases Italian worker bees are light in color, while the queen is a bit darker, which makes her easy … I have had good success with Russian honey bees after 2 … We have two types of queen, the Cordovan Italian and the Carniolan. Last year, 2019, we have added Imported Slovenian Carnica breeder queens from New River Honey Bees. W orker bees have the proboscis of 6.4-6.8 mm. The reason why swarming is a higher risk is due to the following issues: 1. The Carniolan honey bee is native to Slovenia, southern Austria, and parts of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria. They are gentle, and very resistant to insect pests. However, according to Dr. Rinderer, neither o… they are descendants of a mixture of caucas bees with some italian and german black bee mixed in, the foundation stock was shipped east in the early days of the trans-siberia railroad. Once the queen begins to lay maximum eggs the hive can run out of bee space within 60 days. Carniolans are known for their winter hardiness, rapid spring buildup, and exceptional honey production. Italian Bees. Split the colony in half, with the two halves separated by a double screen. OHB Carniolan Queens . Open mated queens will be grafted from winter proven VSH Carniolan hybrid breeder queens throughout the queen rearing season. These bees are known as Carniolans, or "Carnies" for short, in English. Russian Honey Bees have had good resistance to varroa mites. They adapt their population depending on the amount of nectar available, so when there are fewer flowers to visit, there are fewer bees … The Russian honey bees were installed in the same way that I have always installed bee packages. What is the difference between Italian and Carniolan Honey Bees? Russian bees are an excellent choice for beekeepers seeking to avoid colony loss caused by varroa mites or beginning beekeepers who desire bees that may require less frequent or lower levels of treatments. They overwinter very well and build up fast in the spring with the nectar flow due to their innate ability to work with their surrounding environment. Summary. Cordovan Italian Queens . It meets periods of high nectar with high worker populations and consequently stores large quantities of honey and pollen during those periods. The Carniolan honey bee is the subspecies of the Western honey bee that has naturalised and adapted to the Kočevje (Gottschee) sub-region of Carniola (Slovenia), the southern part of the Austrian Alps, Dinarides region, southern Pannonian plain and the northern Balkans. The Carniolan honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica, Pollmann) is a subspecies of the western honey bee. Russian Carniolan Queens Russian bees with their dark, gray/black coloration have shown excellent resistance to Varroa and tracheal mites. Italian bees are especially good for beginning beekeepers, and those who prefer to work bees in a short sleeve shirt to stay cooler. Popularity: By far, the Italian honey bee is the most popular bee for beekeepers in the USA. The most acclaimed traits of the Carniolan bee are its calm and docile behavior on the comb, the sense of orientation is arguably the best of any race, their brood is highly resistant to diseases and parasites, reduced consumption over winter, the length of the tongue (the second longest after the Caucasian honey bee), explosive spring buildup, … Italian. For beginner beekeepers, we recommend starting with 2 hives for optimal chance of success. Their chitin is dark, but it is possible to find lighter colored or brown colored rings and dots on their bodies. Therefore it has great productivity and great for high honey yields. Russian package bees are for pickup at our Minooka, IL apiary. At present this subspecies is the second most popular among beekeepers (after the Italian bee). Carniolan Queen Honey Bees Please note: When starting a new bee hive, you need to purchase a package of bees with a queen, not just a queen. Russian Queen sources . He and Dr. F. Ruttner both concluded that the actual subspecies being brought to Louisiana and quarantined on a nearby island was Apis mellifera macedonica, a relative of the Carniolan bee (Apis mellifera carnica). The Russian bees seemed a little more aggressive at this point than the Italian and Carniolan bees. Both used a technique called morphometrics (structural analysis), which was in vogue at the time before substantive genetic identification techniques were developed. They also start brood rearing earlier in the spring than the Russian queens, who wait to have pollen coming in before starting heavy egg laying. Characteristics of the Carniolan honey bee. Dismiss. Koehnen queens are usually available April through June or July, depending upon the season. Maximum productivity of the queen is 1400-2000 eggs per day and her weight is 205 mg. Krajina and the Balkans breed spread throughout the world. Italian, Carniolan. Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review. Barnyard Bees is no longer liable for the bees once they are accepted by the carrier; our only liability is to deliver the bees to USPS in good condition. OHB has several sources for instrumentally inseminated breeder queens. Swarms of this race tend to disperse more widely than Italians. VSH Queens from Hawaii. they were adapted over time to survive in a tough climate. Starter packages are intended for immediate placement in a permanent hive box. Our quality Russian-Carniolan starter hive packages come with 3lb of bees and a marked and mated queen Russian-Carniolan queen to get your new hive started with success. Experts say that this breed combines the good qualities of the Carpathian and gray Caucasian bees. Russian honey bees have an innate resistance to various parasitic mites. The prolificity of the Caucasian queens is also on par with the Carniolan bee and it regulates the brood production with regards to the nectar availability. The Italian bee is the most popular bee for beekeepers in North America. +/- 3 lbs. They are not a silver bullet for the varroa mite issue but are good at keeping varroa mite populations lower than other honey bee varieties. aka: Swarm of Bees, swarms. Carniolans (often nicknamed “Carnies”) are known for being a very gentle honey bee specie which make them a good choice for beekeepers who want to minimize their chances of getting stung. It relies on these rapid adjustments of population levels to rapidly expand worker bee populations after nectar becomes available in the spring, and, again, to rapidly cut off brood production when nectar ceases to be available in quantity. They tend to desire more storage space so that they can put away greater pollen and nectar stores for the winter. Changes in Bee Sales for 2021. what are called russian bees in the usa are bees from eastern siberia near the sea of japan. Carniolan Honey Bees Now let’s jump over to Carniolan honey bees. The stripes were lighter grey/brown in color. At present this subspecies is the second most popular among beekeepers (after the Italian bee). Carniolan bees hail from the harsher, colder climates of northern Europe. Russian Queen Bee These Queen bees are a open mated pure Russian queen from a Intsrumentally Inseminated Russian Breeder Queen.They open mate with the drones of all of the ytpes of bees I raise here in my apiary. The good news has been the interest in beekeeping has continued to grow and Warm Colors has continued to increase the number of colonies sold to new and experienced beekeepers. They produce more propolis than other breeds as part of their hygienic, disease resistant behavior. The subspecies A. m. carnica, from middle Europe, also has been a favored bee stock in the U.S. for several reasons. Without the 2 or 3 pounds of bees to take care of her, the queen will not be able to survive and will die. Our Carniolan package bees include: a screen box, sugar water container or fondant block, approx. Place the old queen in the bottom half and a caged Russian queen in the upper half. These mated queens are for queening an existing hive or splits in the spring time. Carniolan honeybees (Apis mellifera carnica) are one of the most popular choices for beekeepers. The colony of bees will consist of one or more Italian, Carniolan, and Russian worker bees. Carniolan Queens . Step 3: . Package bee suppliers. "Pure" russians are not well suited for the US climate. They were … They show excellent resistance to tracheal mites and are great comb builders. Populate your hive with this quick-ship 3-lb package of Harvest Lane Honey BEESCA-101 Live Carniolan Honey Bees. They are a dark bee with black abdomens with grey hair. Carniolan bees, overall, are more aggressive than Italian honey bees. Release the Russian queen from her cage after 7 …