Medical Terminology Unit 7 Gastroenterology Organ Mouth Teeth Tongue Lips gums Esophagus Stomach Combining Form … Roots. esophag – word root for esophagus. The liver is a complex organ with a prominent role in all aspects of the body’s biochemistry. Anastomosis of the esophagus to a portion of the stomach. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. When a suffix is written detached it is preceded by a hyphen (-). A surgical procedure to form a connection between the common bile duct and jejunum. A wormlike process that extends from the cecum. Test of evaluate the functions of the liver including storage, metabolism, filtration, and excretion. The examination of the lining of the colon with a colonoscope. Some suffixes also signify medical practice or practitioners. Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. Ultrasound is high-frequency sound waves. The gastrointestinal tract is also known as the alimentary tract, the alimentary canal, and the digestive tract. Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders.. Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which include the organs from mouth into anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this speciality. Cholelithiasis. gastroenterology: Prefix: Prefix Definition: 1st Root Word: gastr/o 1st Root Definition: stomach 2nd Root Word: enter/o 2nd Root Word Definition: intestines (usually small intestines) Suffix: -logy Suffix Definition: study (process of) Definition: study of the stomach and intestines: gastromegaly: Prefix: Prefix Definition: 1st Root Word: gastr/o This is designed to: • Encourage students to use the dictionary because the practice exercises are Abdominal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Many of the conditions that eventually affect the esophagus or intestines start in the stomach. The examination of the organs and cavities of the body with an endoscope. Cholecystitis. About 3–5% of the medical terms in this book that have not been presented in the lessons are included in the practice exercises. Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach PDF Author Barbara A. Gylys MEd CMA-A (AAMA) Isbn 0803658672 File size 140.7 MB Year 2017 Pages 624 Language English File format PDF Category Dictionaries & Terminoloogy,Free Medical Books Download the Book Download Book Description: Medical Language Lab for Medical Terminology Systems, 8th Edition … A large amount of fat in the feces that is foul smelling and floats. This allows stomach contents to leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus and irritate it. An endoscopic test that allows the visualization of the bile ducts and pancreatic ducts. Collection of Blood outside of the Blood Vessel. All the twists and turns of both the large and small intestines can make for some interesting and often complicated conditions. Start the journey with these intestinal conditions: Ascites: Abnormal accumulation of fluid in peritoneal cavity caused by cirrhosis, tumors, and infection, Borborygmus: Rumbling, gurgling sound made by movement of gas in intestine, Colonic polyposis: Polyps, small growths protruding from mucous membrane of colon, Constipation: Difficult or delayed defecation caused by low peristalsis movement, over-absorption of water as contents sit too long in the intestine, or by dehydration, Diarrhea: Frequent discharge of liquid stool (feces), Diverticula: Abnormal side pockets in hollow structure, such as intestine, sigmoid colon, and duodenum, Hemorrhoids: Swollen or twisted veins either outside or just inside the anus, Hernia: A protrusion of an organ or part through the wall of the cavity that contains it, Ileus: Intestinal obstruction that can be caused by failure of peristalsis following surgery, hernia, tumor, adhesions, and often by peritonitis, Inguinal hernia: A small loop of bowel protruding through a weak place in the inguinal ring, an opening in the lower abdominal wall, which allows blood vessels to pass into the scrotum, Intussusception: Telescoping of the intestine; common in children, Laxative: Medication encouraging movement of feces, Melena: Black stool; feces containing blood, Polyposis: Condition of polyps in the intestinal wall, Pruritus ani: Intense itching of the anal area, Volvulus: Twisting of intestine upon itself. Your permanent teeth number 32, with 8 incisors, 8 premolars, 4 canines, and 12 molars. Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. Peritonitis - infection of peritoneum. 5th ed. The periodontist specializes in diseases of the tissue around the teeth. Many of the conditions that eventually affect the esophagus or intestines start in the stomach. Medical Physiology. Now check your email to confirm your subscription. The accumulation of a large amount of fluid in the peritoneal space. The IV (intravenous) instillation of a radiopaque contrast to visualized and record information about the major bile ducts. Many of the following conditions result in discomfort both in swallowing (deglutition) and in the digestion process: Esophageal varices: Just like varicose veins in the legs; boggy veins with inefficient valves that allow venous backflow, resulting in stagnant blood in bulging veins, Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus, Heartburn: Burning sensation caused by reflux or flowing back of acid from the stomach into esophagus, To keep dysphasia and dysphagia straight, remember the s in dysphasia for “speak,” and the g in dysphagia for “gag.”. Remember, not all terms used for medical terminology use a prefix, word root, combining vowel or a suffix. -ectomy means excision (surgical removal or cutting out). The study of the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The middle portion of the small intestine. A procedure in which a needle is inserted into the liver to obtain a specimen. So, have your antacids ready for these: Emesis (vomiting): Stomach contents expelled through the mouth, Eructation: Act of belching or raising gas from stomach, Gastric ulcer: Lesion on wall of stomach; also known as peptic ulcer, Hiatal hernia: Protrusion of part of the stomach through the esophageal opening into diaphragm, Nasogastric: Pertaining to nose and stomach, Regurgitation: Return of solids and fluids to mouth from stomach, Ulcer: Sore or lesion of mucous membrane or skin. Secondly, you will find terms related to gastrointestinal specialties and their definitions. Your baby teeth are also called the primary teeth. The sheer length of these organs makes diagnosis and treatment a long and winding road. gastr – word root for stomach duoden – word root for duodenum -scopy – suffix for visual examination. There are 3 classes of antipyretic medications that are sold OTC ( over-the-counter ) without prescription: It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. Small Intestine: Primary organ of asorption in body: Liver: Organ responsible for the production of bile. For the health care professional, it is imperative that precision is used in the way patients’ physical conditions and diseases are described. A large amount of bilirubin in the blood causing a yellow discoloration of skin, mucus membrane and sclera of the eye. Pertaining to bile or the gallbladder duct which transport bile. Gastroenterology definition is - a branch of medicine concerned with the structure, functions, diseases, and pathology of the stomach and intestines. The hollow tube that extends from the pharynx to the stomach. 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